AREA OF TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


Subject to study: Civil Engineering works, both urban, rural and infrastructure.


Due to the environmental contribution of civil works to the global instability of the planet, the construction industry will be subject to strong scrutiny by civil society. This implies that professionals linked to this industry will need to create a professional environment in which the daily work of the professional adequately solves the engineering problems involved in the design, design and construction of civil works, while transmitting commitment to the environment.

The design, design and construction of civil engineering works (civil works) will change significantly in the coming years. The construction industry is one of the main responsible for the instability that our planet exhibits in environmental terms. On the one hand, and in terms of global warming, cement and steel manufacturing processes are two of the main contributors to greenhouse gas production. On the other hand, and in terms of its contribution to the use and depletion of natural resources, it is important to note that the construction industry uses 25 to 50% of the virgin natural resources regionally consumed by humanity each year. In addition, this industry contributes similar percentages to human-generated waste material.

If sustainable development is considered to be defined as one that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own, the great environmental impact of the construction industry forces a rethink of its current course. It is not surprising, then, that several companies linked to this industry in different parts of the world have invested during the last decade significant research and development efforts that denote a growing commitment to the notion of sustainability. This has not only been motivated by a growing sense of social responsibility, but also by the fact that innovations that are good for the environment usually offer multiple competitive advantages within a commercial sphere.

A world that urges the innovation of civil works design and construction practices is a world that will establish actions that stimulate ecological practices, and discourage the waste of natural resources. It can be concluded that the sustainable development of the construction industry does not confront environmental protection with the commercial success of its companies, but, within the context in which civil society will closely follow those industries that intensively use the planet's natural resources, such development represents a matter of survival, opportunity and growth.

Within the context raised so far, concerns arise about the role that professionals from the different disciplines close to the construction industry will have to play. The Group on Technological Development and Sustainability in Civil Engineering is concerned that the Azcapotzalco Unit of the Metropolitan Autonomous University will be an active part in defining this role from, among other things, the perspective of the civil engineer.

General Objectives

Develop, from a multidisciplinary approach, methods and tools that allow the design, design and construction of civil works that make possible the sustainable development of the planet.

Specific Objectives

· Conduct analytical and experimental studies that make it possible to incorporate traditional materials with sustainable potential and techniques for harnessing natural resources, into the construction industry.

· Conduct analytical and experimental studies that make possible the development of innovative sustainable technologies for Civil Engineering works.

· Develop techniques that allow to evaluate in the field the performance of the proposed technological innovations.

· Develop methods of analysis that allow to evaluate, within an area of sustainable development, the performance of civil works throughout their useful life under the formal consideration of the sources of uncertainty associated with the different natural phenomena.

· Contribute to the training of civil engineers capable of designing cheaper and safer civil works, and incorporating new technologies that allow the saving of natural resources and that take care of the environment.

PIA Research Programs

Currently, some of the professors who have recently integrated the Technological Development and Sustainability in Civil Engineering group work collegiately on research projects attached to the Materials Department. Below are the existing research projects that, with the adaptations of the case, will give rise to the academic framework around which the collegiate activities of all members of the group will be carried out.


Seismic design based on performance concepts (2260507).


This project, currently led by Professor Amador Terán Gilmore, carries several years of activities.

In order for this project to enable the fulfilment of the particular objectives set for the research group, it must be renamed to Design Based on Performance Concepts.

This is in order for the developments that are planned to cover all civil works, and not just those located in areas of high sismicity.

The main objective of this project is to develop, from analytical and experimental studies, innovative methodologies and structural systems that make possible the construction of civil engineering works through the efficient, short- and long-term use of the planet's natural resources.

In the short term, innovative structural systems that are able to accommodate operating loads in a more efficient manner will be studied.

In terms of the long term, paradigm shifts will be proposed for the structural and non-structural design of civil works.

In particular, design methodologies capable of explicitly raising damage control in all sub-systems that make up civil works will be formulated so that they can exhibit, through a lower use of natural resources, longer useful lives than those currently contemplated for them.


 

Probabilistic seismic analysis (2260522).This project, led by Professor Danny Arroyo Espinoza, takes a few years of activity.

In order for this project to fully meet the particular objectives set out for the research group, it must change its name to Probabilistic Analysis of Structural and Non-Structural Systems and Contents.

The main objective of this project is to characterize within a probabilistic context, the high uncertainties involved in natural phenomena affecting the built environment; and through this characterization, establish the performance and cost of life cycle of civil engineering works.

The above in order to develop tools to evaluate the life cycle cost of civil engineering works resolved according to the proposals developed in the research projects named Design Based on Performance Concepts and Sustainable Materials and Techniques in Civil Engineering; and therefore assess the actual impact of these proposals in terms of sustainable development.


 

Vibration analysis in structures (2260523).

This project, led by Professor Mario Ramírez Centeno, is recently created.

In order for this project to fully meet the objectives set for the research group, it must be renamed to Field Assessment Methods for Civil Works.

The main objective of this project is to characterize through analytical tools and measurements in the field, the state at a given time of the different subsystems that make up civil engineering works, and their actual performance in the field when subjected to natural phenomena with different origin.

This is in order to calibrate and feed with real information the probabilistic models developed by the Project Probabilistic Analysis of Structural and Non-Structural Systems, and Contents.

 

Research Lines.

The development of the Technological Development and Sustainability in Civil Engineering group requires the approach of a line of research that brings together the efforts of all its participants. It is proposed to create the line entitled Sustainable Civil Works.

Members

Name
Category

PROMEP

SNI
Economic Number CV
Dr. Amador Terán Gilmore
Dr. Danny Arroyo Espinoza
Meng. José Juan Guerrero Correa
Meng. Mario Ramírez Centeno

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