STRUCTURES AREA


The Structures Area works on research in the field of Structural Engineering, looking for procedures, analyses and products that better design regulations, urban plans, construction procedures, rehabilitation plans, etc. This is achieved through studies related to the three lines of research.

Project research products reflect the partial progress that has been developed. Several of these advances are recognized nationally and internationally. Partial results have resulted in changes in regulations, procedures carried out by government entities or in everyday practical applications.

The Structures Area covers the full range of academic activities with a very good level. In terms of teaching activities, the teachers of the area teach UEA's of the careers of Civil, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, in addition to the postgraduate courses in Structural Engineering, which is within the Padrón de Excelencia del Conacyt. Through terminal projects and postgraduate thesis, students are in the participation and training of the research that is carried out in the Area. Some of our students have won research awards for their project work and thesis. Likewise, external awards have been obtained, such as those awarded in the competitions organized by the Mexican Society of Structural Engineering and Mexican Society of Seismic Engineering. All of this shows the direct interrelationship between teaching and research activities.

As for research projects, there is abundant production in articles, from those accepted in indexed journals to those presented at national and international congresses. The area has a constant participation in events organized nationally and internationally. For their production, several of the members of the Area are recognized nationally and some internationally. Because of this recognition, several members of the Area actively participate in societies, academies, evaluation committees, editorial committees, etc., which gives the Area and the UAM renown. These committees or associations provide interference with decisions on Engineering development plans in Mexico. Also, by internal recognition, elements of the Structures Area have active participation in management activities in the university, with participations in management, coordination and committees.

On the other hand, members of the Area participate in projects with external support, such as CONACYT or the Federal District Department (DDF). For example, during 2008 several sponsored CONACYT and GDF projects were worked on. Also, structure evaluation work has been carried out by requesting groups of neighbors or government entities. All this shows that the work of the Area contributes to expand knowledge about discipline and improve the practice and planning of Civil Engineering in Mexico.

Objectives


I.- Deliver the learning teaching units attached to the Area.

· UEA's teaching in Civil Engineering.
· UEA's teaching in Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Electrical Engineering.
· UEA's teaching in the Postgraduate Degree in Structural Engineering (15/year).
· Direct Terminal Projects and Civil Engineering Workshops.
· Master's and Doctoral Thesis Directorate.

Il.-Conduct research on the development of new building elements and models for the analysis and design of various types of structures.

Ill.-Generate and direct through your research terminal projects.

IV.-Promote, organize and participate in events such as refresher courses, seminars, congresses, etc., in order to disseminate and exchange knowledge of the area.

V.-Collaborate with official bodies in the development of Standards, Regulations, etc.

Strategic Plan of the Area of Structures

Mission

The Structures Area is a group of professors-researchers at the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Azcapotzalco, with training and interests in the teaching, research and dissemination of Structural Engineering. We carry out human resources training in engineering degrees and postgraduate degrees in structures. In terms of dissemination we publish and give lectures. In research we look for new materials, configurations or procedures that lead to regulations or practices in the construction of safe, functional and economical structures. We have a laboratory of intermediate elements and models that allows us to carry out experimental analyses of great utility.

Our main commitment is to strengthen the education of Structural Engineering and collaborate to solve national problems related to structures and their proper behavior in the face of different actions.

Vision

We are one of the leading groups in Mexico in the teaching, research and application of Structural Engineering. The Structures Area group conducts high-level research on innovative new materials, configurations, elements and procedures to create safe, efficient, functional and economical constructions. We have a good level laboratory for elements and medium models.

The group has members with adequate preparation and constant updating and searching on topics that help solve national and international problems for society.

The group participates in research networks with related and multidisciplinary groups that generate feedback and enrich the work. In addition, we are a group that receives consultations from the government and different sectors of society for the search for common problem solutions. We are a community open to new initiatives, with climate conducive to individualized work and together.

SWOT Matrix

Strategic Objectives

PIA Research Programs


SEISMIC RISK OF STRUCTURES

i. INTERUNIVERSIARY NETWORK OF SEISMIC INSTRUMENTATION (2260501).
Responsible: Manuel Ruiz Sandoval. (Currently as an operation project). It is a network of accelermetric equipment, installed in order to monitor the history of accelerations of urban centers of the country during the occurrence of strong movements of the terrain. The main objective of the RIIS is the registration and analysis of teluric movements in urban centers implemented in order to expand knowledge of their security, which will improve building regulations and raise the safety of populations in the face of future earthquakes. In addition, it is intended to promote the creation and consolidation of groups of professionals and academics capable of developing and implementing strategies for seismic disaster prevention in their own communities. 43

il. SEISMIC HAZARD AND DEFINITION OF SEISMIC SCENARIOS IN MEXICO (2260502).
Responsible: Alonso Gómez. The main objective of this project is the estimation of Vulnerability and Seismic Hazard in some areas of Mexico that have a high risk. Studies have been conducted to estimate the damage in Colonia Roma in Mexico City. A database of the buildings is available. In addition, a procedure for estimating the variation of soil accelerations with magnitude and intensity is also studied in order to adequately estimate seismic risk scenarios.

ill. STRUCTURE VULNERABILITY (2260519).
Responsible: M Consolación Gómez Soberón. Analytical models are mainly performed to determine bridge behavior. Studies look at the following aspects such as vulnerability analysis of existing structures for pre-ism studies and reliability studies of damaged and repaired bridges with different reinforcement options.

IV. PROBABILISTIC SEISMIC ANALYSIS (2260522).
Responsible: Danny Arroyo. The objective is to develop methods for the design of structures that formally contemplate uncertainty in seismic demands.


ANALYTICAL STUDY OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS AND SYSTEMS

i. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STRUCTURES BASED ON ENERGY CONCEPTS (2260507).
Responsible: Amador Terán. The objective is to develop practical seismic design methodologies that incorporate the concept of fatigue of low number of cycles. Development of simple expressions for seismic design of structures with creep asymmetry. Study the application of passive energy dissipation systems.


il. SEISMIC DESIGN OF PASSIVELY CONTROLLED STRUCTURES (2260511). Responsible: Arturo Tena.
1. Develop and calibrate design standards for basic insulation for the CFE Civil Works Manual,
2. Develop and calibrate structure design methodologies with passive energy sinks that are compatible with current proposals of Mexico regulations and,
3. Explore design methodologies for passive energy sinks based on performance design criteria.

ill. DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF STEEL STRUCTURES (2260518). Responsible: Emilio Sordo. In this project the objective is to study the cyclic load performance of steel elements, such as welded and bolted connections, to estimate their resistant and deformation capacity 44.

iV. DYNAMIC STUDY OF SOILS AND STRUCTURES (xxxxxx).
Responsible: Mario Ramírez Centeno



EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS AND SYSTEMS

i. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS AND SYSTEMS (2260509).
Responsible: Oscar González. This project tests structural elements, such as reinforced concrete frame against lateral cyclic load and constant concentrated load on columns, beaded trabes, masonry walls or sle and column connections. Through the rehearsals different things are determined, such as the way in which the moments between the steed and the column are transferred, the proper armed of the gusset in the locks, the resistance of walls made with different masonry or to propose the reinforcement that prevents the failure of penetration by shear.

il. SMART SYSTEMS APPLIED TO CIVIL ENGINEERING (2260520).
Responsible: Manuel Ruiz Sandoval. The objective of the study is to create a network of self-configuring and robust intelligent sensors, capable of structural damage detection. Interaction with related disciplines such as electronics and computing.

Organizational Structure


The organizational structure is based on the Head of the Area, currently run by Dr. María de la Consolación Gómez Soberón. Teachers in the Area participate in management, dissemination, teaching and research tasks.

In terms of rights, teachers have spaces to carry out their activities. In addition, the Area is allocated annually a budget that is consensually distributed. As for obligations, teachers in the Area should participate in teaching, management, internal research projects and, preferably, external projects.

Infrastructure

 

The Structures area has the last two levels of the P4 building, where the professor cubicles, assistant cubicles, secretariat cubicle, Area Headquarters, Postgraduate Coordination in Structures and cubicles of master's and doctoral students are located. In addition, the area is run by the Structures Laboratory and the annex warehouses, where materials are stored and experimental teaching and research tests are carried out. On the second floor of the lab are two graduate halls and three teacher cubicles.

The laboratory has equipment, devices and application systems and measurement of loads and deformations to carry out destructive and non-destructive tests on intermediate-sized elements and models, made with the most common materials used in the middle of civil engineering, in the area of structures.

The Structures Laboratory fundamentally supports various undergraduate learning teaching units: Solids Mechanics Laboratory, Civil Engineering Workshop I and II, Terminal Civil Engineering Projects I, II and III and Experimental Effort Analysis Laboratory. Postgraduate theses and research projects are also developed in the area of structures.

 

Machinery and special equipment in the Structure Area laboratory and warehouses include:

• Universal Test Machine with a capacity of 400,000 pounds.
• Torsion testing machine with capacity of 10,000 pounds-inch.
• Metal impact test machine.
• Universal durometer for metals.
• Test devices for intermediate-sized structural elements and models.
• Travel crane with capacity of 3,000 kg of load.
• Data acquisition equipment.
• Welder plant.
• Parallel mechanical lathe.
• Radial drill.
• Magnetic drill.
• Circular saw for wood.
• Saw tape for wood and metal.
• Oxiacetyl cutting equipment.
• Plasma cutting equipment.
• Hydraulic lifters.
• Teaching equipment for teaching in structures.
• Experimental stress analysis teams.
• Measuring equipment (micrometers, load cells).
• Hydraulic equipment for loading application.
• Hydraulic actuators.
• Equipment for non-destructive testing in particular.
• Electric ovens.
• Concrete revolver (capacity 1 sack)

Chemicals in the Structure Area laboratory and warehouses include:
• Thinner
• Paints (enamels)
• Acetylene
• Acetone
• Glue 5000
• Oxygen
• Alcohol
• Gas LP
• Sodium hydroxide
• Sulfur
• Epoxy resins

Chemical safety sheets are available in the laboratory and warehouses of the Structures Area, which were recently delivered to the Division of Basic Sciences and Engineering. For their part, many of the maintenance processes of the equipment are currently being developed, since they were not available.

Recognitions

Internally, the Area has obtained the following recognitions:

a) Research Areas Award 1994.
b) Research Areas Award 1997.
c) Research Areas Award 2003.
d) Research Areas Award 2007.

Externally, the distinctions have been

a) As an area, the academic body in Consolidation (CAC) category was awarded in 2006, and PIFI support was obtained.
b) The Postgraduate Degree in Structural Engineering is within the PNP in both Master's and Doctorate.

Links and Conventions


Internally, joint work (Internal Linking) has been carried out with:

a) Same department, with the Geotechnics Group.
a) Within the Division, with professors from the Department of Electronics and Systems.
b) Within the Unit, with professors from the Department of Sociology.
c) Within the UAM, with professors from the Electronics Department of Iztapalapa.

As regards external linkage, outside the UAM, projects are carried out with:

a) Researchers from the UNAM Institute of Engineering.
b) Interuniversiary Network of Seismic Engineering (RIIS).
c) Other networks with academic bodies in PROMEP: UADY, UMSNH, UCOL, UNACH.

In recent years, collaboration has been initiated through conventions. Specifically, a project was collaborated to establish teaching modules on the development of structure repair techniques, between the National University of Engineering of Peru, the University of Applied Sciences of Regensburg, Germany and the Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico at fachhochshule Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany. The UAM participated: Tena, Gómez Soberón, Terán, González Cuevas. This project conducted student exchanges and work seminars.

Members
Name
Category

Date of incorporation

Take part in research projects
Active members of the Structures Area.
Dr. Casillas García de León Juan
Titular "C" T.C.
04/1974
No
Meng. Espinoza Johnson Marco A
Titular "B" T.C.
08/1998
No
Dr. Gómez Bernal Alonso
Titular "C" T.C.
01/1988
Yes
Dr. Gómez Soberón
María de la Consolación
Titular "C" T.C.
06/2004
Yes
Dr. González Cuevas Oscar M.
Titular "C" T.C.
04/1974
Yes
Dr. Juárez Luna Gelacio
Associated "D" T.C.
09/2009
Yes
Dr. Juárez García Hugón
Titular "C" T.C.
05/1989
Yes
Dr. Perea Olvera Tiziano
Associated "D" T.C.
05/2000
Yes
Dr. Ruiz-Sandoval Hernández
Manuel E.
Titular "C" T.C.
03/1995
Yes
Dr. Sordo Zabay Emilio
Titular "C" T.C.
05/1989
Yes
Dr. Tena Colunga Arturo
Titular "C" T.C.
02/2000
Yes
Members of the Structures Area in Doctoral Study.
Meng. Arellano Méndez Eduardo Assistant C

2008

Meng. Velázquez Antonio Assistant C 2004
Teachers attached to the area who do not participate in research.
Eng. Martínez Jesús Titular "B" MT
Eng. Alarcón Hernán Titular "C" TP
Work Products


This section provides a summary of the work products obtained by the members of the Area in the years 2005-2009.

Proyecto
 
Human resources training
Publications
Presentations
Books
Other

Distinctions
Nombre del integrante
External Distinctions
Internal Distinctions (UAM)
Other external distinctions during 2009
Dr. Arroyo Espinoza Danny National Researcher SIN N1 BAP, BCD, BGA  
Dr. Casillas García de León Member Academy
of Engineering.
Distinguished Professor. Sabbatical of divisional interest from September 2009 to September 2010. CBI Council
 
Meng. Espinoza Johnson Marco Antonio
  BD, BGA  
Dr. Gómez Bernal Alonso PROMEP PROFILE BAP, BD, BGA, ETAS Coordinated Civil Engineering  
Dr. Gómez Soberón Maria de
la Consolación
PROMEP PROFILE BAP, BD, BGA. Head of Area Graduate Committee and Divisional Commission
Vice-President of SMIS from 2008 to 2010. Editor of the journal Seismic Engineering since 2006.
Dr. González Cuevas Oscar
Manuel
PROMEP PROFILE Member Academy of Engineering. DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR. Member Committee for Civil Studies and the Standing Committee on The Improvement of Teaching.
Member of numerous committees and committees outside the UAM.
Meng. Guerrero Correa José
Juan
  BD, BGA  
Meng. Quiroz Soto Arturo   BD, BGA  
Meng. Ramírez Centeno
Mario
  BD, BGA  
Dr. Ruiz-Sandoval Hernández
Manuel
Candidate for National Researcher SNI. PROMEP PROFILE
BAP, BD, BGA, ETAS
Graduate coordinator
 
Dr. Sordo Zabay Emilio PROMEP PROFILE. Member Academy of Engineering.
BAP, BD, BGA, ETAS. CBI Director  
Dr. Tena Colunga Arturo National Researcher Level II of the SNI. PROMEP PROFILE. Member Academy of Engineering. Member of the SMIS Advisory Council from 25 January 2006 to date.
BAP, BD, BGA, ETAS Graduate commission. Winner of the Javier Barros Sierra 208 award of the CIC of Mexico for the best book of civil engineering November 17, 2009.
Dr. Terán Gilmore Amador National Researcher Level II of the SNI, Member Academy of Engineering. BAP, BD, BGA, ETAS. Sabbatical of divisional interest from September 2009 to September 2010. CBI Council.
 

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